Bryce Canyon National Park
By: Bruce Wilson
The park itself is lies along the edge of a cliff, the pink cliffs, which are the upper-most step in Utah's Grand Staircase. The canyon is named after Ebenezer Bryce, an early Mormon settler who homesteaded at the mouth of the Canyon in what is now the town of Tropic. Brother Bryce cut a road into the canyon to harvest timber, a road used by other settlers in the area, so they called it Bryce's Road, and the canyon, Bryce's canyon. The settlers didn't seem to say much about the oddity of the canyon's appearance. Being a practical people, they were more concerned with immediate needs. The famous quote from Brother Bryce, "It's a hell of a place to lose a cow" is not just a joke, as you will see when you hike down into the canyon.
Bryce Canyon National Park is located about 15 miles East of Panguitch, Utah, which is the nearest city of any size. Many visitors like to stay at a motel or B&B in Panguitch, or at one of the many motels or tourist cabins along the road to Bryce. The National Park also has an abundance of camping, divided into two campgrounds. The North campground has good access to Sunrise Point (a popular site because it is a high overlook on the Easternmost side of the main amphitheater, good for early sunlit shots with a mostly head-on light) and to Sunset Point (one of the main tourist viewpoints). The Sunset campground is close to Sunset point, and it's the one where I always camp. In total there are 204 campsites available, and some additional backcountry camping for those who want to spend a day or two below the rim. Camping is $10 per night, first-come-first-served, and fill up by 5 pm on weekdays, by about 1 pm on weekends. The camper loops are separate from the tent loops, and there is water at the restrooms (showers are at the Visitors Center only). There are no reservations. To claim a spot, leave something on the table then go back to the fee station at the entrance to fill out the envelope and pay for the site. Keep one stub to mark your campsite, and put the other in the Occupied Campsite Board. Most of the park lies at 8000 feet altitude (2500 meters), so those not accustomed to altitude might have a bad night's sleep that first night, and will need to stop way more often to rest during exertions. Also, the air at Bryce is very dry, and you will lose a lot of water. Carry extra water, and drink a lot, especially if you are hiking at all. They recommend 2 quarts (2 liters) per hours of exertion, and they aren't kidding. For up-to-date information, tune to 1590 KHz and 1610 KHz am for park and shuttle information as you drive in through red Canyon. [Red Canyon, on the road from Panguitch, has a lot of great shots of its own; you should stop at the visitor center for information; you can get good shots there in mid-morning and mid-afternoon.]
Utah, pre-dawn, shot from Bryce Point
The entrance fee is $20 for seven days, or you can use your National Parks Pass ($50 for one year) to get in. From mid-June to mid-August the Park runs a shuttle bus system to help alleviate the traffic congestion at the viewpoints, and is free once you've paid the entrance fee. If you are catching the shuttle in Ruby's Inn, a small tourist town just outside the Park, you'll need to go to the Ruby's Inn Business area where you will pay the entrance fee. They are great for day-visitors, but not at all useful for photographers whishing to get those sunrise and sunset shots; the shuttled only run during daylight hours. There are three routes (see map), one that starts outside the park (the Blue line, takes you just inside the park), the Red line (runs only around the main amphitheater), and the Green line, (runs to all the viewpoints South of the amphitheater). The shuttle system might be a good way to explore the Park the day you get there, then you can drive in after dinner for the first night's shoot. Of course, if you are camping in the par then drive right in and head for the campgrounds to claim your spot.
There are three types of shots you get at Bryce: the close shot of individual or small groups of hoodoos (the name for those sandstone spires in the canyon), the medium shot of a small section of the canyon showing row after row of hoodoos, and the sweeping vista, including large parts of the canyon. In this article I'll try to organize the possible shots you can get by time of day.
Some of the best vista shots are made before the sun comes up. Bryce Point is one of the best spots for the vistas. It stands quite high above the South end of the amphitheater, and there is a great lighting angle when the sun comes up. Predawn shots are very bluish, so a warming filter (an 81C is appropriate) is needed. Fortunately, due to the vast size of the amphitheater, you can easily get shots that do not include the sky. If you want sky in your shots, which isn't often due to the clear nature of the sky at that altitude, you'll need at least a three-stop hard-edged neutral-density graduated filter (I sometimes use a four-stop filter to darken the sky to match the shadows better just before sunrise). Be sure your filter can be adjusted up and down, as the horizon will need to be toward the top of the frame. If you forget your ND grad, improvise by blocking the sky from the shot using some black object, then revealing the sky during a long exposure. A yellow/blue polarizing filter can also be fun to work with at Bryce Point. The shot to the left was made on E100VS film , with the predawn light modified with a B/Y pol. oriented to impart extra yellow to the rock.
There is a wind problem at Bryce Point. If you stand near the fence, your camera will be buffeted by the rather strong updraft. If you move back three feet you won't feel much of this wind at all. Try to keep back a bit, but it's tricky if the point is crowded and tourists crowd in front of your camera. Fortunately most of them are waiting for the sun, and aren't interested in shooting in the best light for the canyon. Practice your best manners here, chat with other photographers and if you are shooting large format, leave the shutter open so any interested party can look at the focusing screen; they're dying to get a look, and it's a great way to introduce yourself to them. Also, and I really don't like saying this, you'll need to avoid the Wally's. They are the ones dressed funny and are looking at the crowds, not the scenery. Wally's are named after the character in the movie Crocodile Dundee, who talk big but know little, who like to position themselves in prominent tourist locations and talk like they know the area. They never do (I once heard a Wally tell a poor German fellow who was too kind to walk away about the animals in the area, the bobcat, the 'coon, and the varmint; I think he meant the coyote, but he didn't describe it very well). They will be an endless distraction if they start talking to you. They inhabit the viewpoints mostly in the afternoon and evening. Well, you've been warned.
From some of the other viewpoints you will get different vistas, but they are all similar in coloration and shadow depth.
Mid-June dawn from Bryce Point
The sun rises over the Aquarius plateau (actually, it comes up over the Escalante Mountains and Powell Point, but many consider this formation part of the plateau; I don't) about 10 minutes after the official sunrise time reported on my GPS or posted at the visitor center. The sunrise is actually a little better from April to May and in September when the sun come up through a notch between Powell Point and Boulder Mountain farther to the East, giving a little more color to the light and a little better angle for cameras at Bryce Point.
The dawn light is surprisingly harsh on these rocks. Shadows are at least three stops deep in the early minutes after sunrise, before the reflections have started filling in the shadows. With slide film it's a hard shot to get. Digital cameras shooters who can lower the contrast, and print film shooters will do okay with these shots.
I've found it's best to wait a few minutes for the sun to get high enough to shine onto the hoodoos brightly enough to have them reflect that red light on the shadowed-sides of their neighbors. Then you'll get shots with low enough contrast for slide film. By the way, the photograph on the front of the Bryce Canyon Official Map and Guide, the photo we all want to get, was shot about 30 minutes after sunrise from Bryce Point, and has the sky cropped out. You'll need a 2-stop hard-edged ND grad if you want the sky. While you are at Bryce Point, look across the canyon to Sunset Point (you'll know where it is because of all the tourists using flashes). Now imagine getting from there down to the bottom of the canyon. That's what you're about to do!
There is only one place to be mid morning (about 1.5 hours after sunrise), and that is on the canyon trails. I think the best route is to do the Navajo Loop Trail. Start at Sunset Point (with your camera, tripod or monopod [monopods will give you support while climbing out], wide-angle lenses, b/y polarizer, regular polarizer, and soft-edge ND grads, and at least 2 quarts of water), and find the path leading down from the overlook itself. After one switchback you come to a "Y" in the trail. Take the one to the left (the north side of the loop; yes, those switchbacks on the south trail look inviting, but there are some on the north trail too). Keep your eyes up and look around for shots. They are all over the place, and the morning light is fabulous! As you move down, you'll get to the switchback section, and one of the tunnels.
It is in the mid-morning light, shooting up toward the sky at orange rock, that you'll discover why they invented the yellow/blue polarizing filter. It is a truly magical filter for shooting the rock, especially if you love the bold look and deep colors. The y/b pol set to make the sky bluer will do a nice job of balancing the exposure of the rocks and the sky, so you won't need to use any grad filters in the canyon for all but one shot. We'll get to that in a minute.
Soon you'll get to the switchbacks. I think the North trail switchbacks are the best to shoot from the top. This set isn't as long as the South side set, but it makes a better photograph as they aren't as wide and you can shoot them with a 28 or 24mm lens. The South set needs a 20mm or wider lens to get, and because of a fin in the way you don't see them all from the top.
As you continue around the trail you'll see the double bridge (kind of difficult to shoot), then you'll get to the big junction. You are now about halfway through the Navajo loop, and here you can take some of the other trails if you want to, but for most of us continuing the Navajo loop on the right-hand trail is the best option. The rest of the loop is uphill all the way, about 600 feet of uphill. Take a big drink of water, and head up toward Wall Street. Along this open part of the trail you can get some shots of the viewpoints on the rim of the canyon, and work in a few trees in the foreground.
As you get back in among the fins, a startling sight awaits you! You turn a corner, and you'll see:
It's a Douglas fir tree standing in the middle of a very narrow canyon. You are at the bottom end of Wall Street, and capturing that tree in one shot is why you brought the soft-edge ND grads. The upper part of the canyon is brightly lit, and the bottom part is in deep shadow. By using both an ND grad and a polarizing filter you can work out an exposure that might work. I suppose that there might be other times of the day, late afternoon, when the light will be better, but I've never hiked the canyon that late in the day (it gets hot down there!), so I don't know for sure.
Shots inside Wall Street itself are also tricky to get, as the walls are very dark, and the ends seem very brightly lit in comparison (although in reality all you see is reflected light at either end). So get what shots you can, but don't plan on hanging them on your wall.
Work your way up to the switchbacks. I counted them once, and turned to the right 14 times. The pitch of these switchbacks is about 45 degrees, so drink a lot of water, and rest every other switchback. If you see any overweight tourists who are struggling, offer to help carry some of their load if you still have a hand free (it's the Utah thing to do, if you don't want to look like a tourist yourself). You can get a few shots from the bottom, but light control will be needed (try using the ND grads and/or b/y pols). You'll want to get a shot of the switchbacks from the top, not because it's a good shot, but as a memorial to your effort getting up there!
Finish the trail back to the viewpoint (which is, I think, the hardest part of the climb). Rest. Rest some more. There aren't any good shots until the mid afternoon anyway. If you are unfamiliar with the southwest, be sure to join the walk with the ranger that starts at about 8:30 at Sunset Point. Very informative, and fun. Not a lot of time for setting up cameras and tripods, but if you are shooting freehand, then it's just great. They walk the Navajo loop in the opposite direction I've described, but the north trail shots are still there at 10 a.m. when you start climbing out.
The 18 mile road to the end of the park is nice. Here is where the shuttle busses really come in handy. Take the green line out of the visitors center or Sunset Point. You'll travel all the way to the South end of the park without stopping. Rainbow Point and Yovimpa Point have a look that is similar to the amphitheater, but different in a lot of ways. I like to have a big map at Yovimpa to try to make sense of all the scenery you can see there. It's a vast panorama, and on a clear day you can see a lot of the Grand Staircase (unfortunately from the upper side, so it isn't photogenic). There is a hiking trail starting at Rainbow, but it never gets very near the edge of the canyon for any good hoodoo shots. There are some nice panoramic vistas at the end of the bristlecone trail, which takes you out to the very end of the Paunsaugunt Plateau.
I like the shuttle system because it forces you to stay at each point on the way back until the next shuttle arrives, and you can get good shots at every point. It may take a couple hours to get all the way back to the visitors center, taking pictures the whole way.
By the way, if you don't want to do the amphitheater hike in the morning, the view points along the road offer a very different view in the morning and afternoon, and might be worth two trips out and back, one in the morning and another in the early afternoon. Telephoto lenses will help isolate the reflection-illuminated hoodoos in the morning.
Late afternoon is a good time for close-up shots in the amphitheater. The trouble with evening shots is that the rim blocks the sun shining on the Silent City part of the amphitheater (just to the South of Sunset Point), so mid-afternoon is the best time. Shots can be had anywhere along the rim trail between Sunset Point and Inspiration Point. It's a half-mile trail, and worth the effort. You climb uphill from Sunset to Inspiration, so maybe the Inspiration to Sunset direction is best after doing the canyon hike in the morning. As long as the shuttles are running, you can get back to Inspiration easily enough. If you have an overcast day, thank your lucky stars, because the afternoon light is harsh. The overcast light really highlights the horizontal striations in the weathered hoodoos. Some trips to Bryce have resulted in useless afternoons because there were no clouds at all to help control the exposure, and other times I found a nice angle to get the hoodoos with a nice reflected backlight. Walk around and see what you can do with the hoodoos. Pay close attention to the reflected light, as you'll need it to moderate the sunlit/shadow contrast.
Again, I think Bryce Point is the best place to be for the evening shots. Thing is, there isn't any one good moment for a shot in the evening at Bryce. The sun sets to the far left of the amphitheater at Bryce Point, and there just isn't any better location, so you'll never get a shot of the actual sunset from anywhere at Bryce.
Instead concentrate on the wonderful side-lighting of the hoodoos that aren't in a shadow already, and on the great head-on lighting of Powell's Point. Again, big vistas work nicely before the sun goes down. You can also get some very nice telephoto shots from any amphitheater viewpoint during sunset.
After sunset a whole new type of shot opens up, once the hoodoos are in shadow. Again, make sure you have a warming filter to deal with the blue skylight, or set your digital camera on 'cloudy day' (this is especially important if you have any of the white bands in the shot, as they will look a particularly bright blue in the light of dusk, especially on Velvia). I think the best shots come from between Sunrise and Sunset points, where you get some fairly open views of the white ash layers in the pink cliffs. These white layers do some nice things in the blue light of twilight, so spend a little time on the rim trail and find some of these shots.
Due to the altitude, being far from big cities, and because Heaven smiles on Utah, the nighttime sky is glorious at Bryce. If you have the patience for long exposure nighttime shots, and the energy after a busy day, I think you could get some absolutely marvelous shots from down in the canyon with hoodoos in the foreground and the stars circling overhead. With a flashlight and a few colored gel filters you could paint the hoodoos with light for an even more colorful effect. After the busy days I've had there, I've never had the energy to get one of these shots. But I'd love to see the shots you get.
Under the Rim
If you like backpacking, and have a camera system set up for backpacking, then the Under The Rim trail is for you. You need a backcountry permit from the visitor center, and you can get some nice shots of the pink cliffs from below (the ones most of us never see from on top of the plateau). Make sure you have a good trail map, like the National Geographic Trails Illustrated map of Bryce Canyon (map number 219).
Outside the Park, Red Canyon
There is one more place for shots, Red Canyon, the one you passed through on your way in from Panguitch. I've found that mid-morning shots are good here, and that a polarizer can make these shots in the North side of the canyon very colorful indeed. Many shots can be had using a telephoto from the side of the highway, but there are some trails that get you right up to the canyon walls. A couple things to note about the red Canyon State Park, there is camping (37 sites), showers (more accessible than the ones in Bryce), and mountain bikes are allowed on the trails (good if you bike, bad if you don't like being surprised by bikes heading down).
Outside the Park, Kings Creek
Bryce sits on the very edge of the Paunsaugunt plateau. If you'd like to see what the middle looks like, you might want to stay at Kings Creek campground, in the Dixie National Forest. You access it along a dirt road off Highway 12, about 3 miles to the West of the Ruby's in turnoff. The campground it located next to Tropic reservoir, about 11 miles down the dirt road. It's a heavily wooded area, rather like the Sunset campground area in Bryce, only more so. I don't know of any spectacular shots from the area, but it is a nice campground, away from most of the tourists. The drive along the dirt road to the South is an interesting one, following the river valley back into the forested mountains.
I've found that one book really stands out if you are shooting in Southern Utah. It's called Photographing the Southwest, Volume 1, by Laurent Mertres. It's published by PhotoTripUSA. A companion Volume 2 covers Northern Arizona and New Mexico.
If you are the type who likes to get down into the canyon, especially if you like climbing, then there is a web site just for you: Tom's Utah Canyoneering Guide. A marvelous site about locating and hiking/climbing some of Utah's most scenic canyons. No information on Bryce here, but sections on Zion, Grand Staircase-Escalante, San Rafael Swell, Arches/Moab, etc.
Also note that Bryce is open through the winter, and there are many photographic opportunities to be had with the snow around the hoodoos. I've never visited Bryce in winter, but the North campground is open all year, and with snowshoes and enough time you should be able to shoot all around the rim trail, and even hike down into the canyon if you watch out for ice.
All Text and Photographs Copyright 2002 Bruce Wilson