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Canon S9000 Photo Printer

Competition At Last

Since the advent of photo-quality inkjet printing in the mid-1990s Epson has been the market leader. During the late 90's and early into the new century Epson has been prolific in introducing a broad range of high-quality photo printers. They also have been just about the only company to make available moderately priced wide-carriage (13" X19" print capable) photo printers, such as the 1270/1280/1290  and their 2000P pigment ink model.

Certainly Canon, Lexmark, HP and several others also have had consumer-grade photographic printers on the market, but for several reasons, including the availability of its wide-carriage models, Epson has dominated this market segment. 

That was then and this is now. In January of 2002 Canon in Europe announced the availability of the S9000 printer, and a few months later they started to become available in North America.

This then is an evaluation of the new Canon S9000 printer. You should know up-front that this article has two biases. Once is that I will be comparing it to the current market leaders, Epson's 1270/1280/1290 series, and secondly I will only be evaluating it as a photographic printer, not for any other tasks.

So — is the S9000 a contender? Let's see.

Note: This review is one of the first to become available. It was written in mid-March, 2002. There are still a few unknowns at this time, as detailed below. As additional information becomes available I'll post updates on this page.


I won't provide a laundry list of specs. You can find these elsewhere if you need them. The short story is that the S9000 will make A3+ / 13" X 19" prints at a resolution of 2400 X 1200 ppi. It features a user-replaceable print head and 4 picoliter droplet size. Drivers are provided for Windows 98 / ME / 2000 and XP. Mac users will have drivers for OS 8.6-9.x as well as OS X. All the bases are covered.

The printer uses dye-based inks and Canon claims print longevity of 25 years using their Photo Paper Pro.

Suggested retail price in the U.S. is $499.00

Out of The Box

Driver and software installation was straightforward. My test installation was on a Windows 98 machine. My pre-release printer came with Windows but not Mac drivers. Shipping machines will of course come with all provided drivers. My test unit also did not come with a printed user manual but I found setup and operation to be completely intuitive. Anyone that has ever set up a printer should have no trouble whatsoever with the S9000.

Connection to the computer is via USB only. There is no legacy parallel port connection.


The Page-Setup screen as well as the separately tabbed screens seen along the top are quite straightforward. There is hand-holding for the beginner and full flexibility and control for the experienced user. The Profiles tab's name is a bit misleading though. This does not indicate the use of ICC / ICM profiles, but instead refers to the user's ability to create custom named settings of all of the printer's variable parameters, such as paper type, resolution and so forth. Once named as a "Profile" it then can be quickly loaded for making the same type of prints again in future.

As for the use of ICC/ICM profiles; the S9000 is capable of being profiled and of using them, but to my knowledge none are available at this time from third parties, though this is bound to change.

Image Quality

In a word — excellent

Test Image

I used an industry-standard test file for my initial evaluations. You'll see that it contains a variety of skin tone types, test charts and familiar objects, all suitable for judging colour reproduction. The image is extremely sharp and the file is 44MB in size.

My initial impression of S9000 prints was extremely favourable, and after a couple of days of printing on a variety of papers and with a number of different sample images I had no reason to change my mind. 

Let's look separately at the two most important issues, colour and resolution.


Within the printer driver there is the usual ability to control colour output; everything from an Auto setting to sliders for each of the primary colours, overall intensity and brightness. I did most of my testing with Enable ICM turned on, and then with Print Space / Profile in Photoshop's printer dialog box set to Printer Color Management. I used the same settings for my comparative prints with the two Epsons I was using.

First print off the S9000, and all subsequent prints, were essentially perfect in terms of colour balance. In fact, if anything, they were very slightly more neutral than prints from my reference Epson 1270 and 5500 printers. I hadn't even noticed that there was a very slight warm tone to the blacks in the Epson prints, except when I looked closely at the hair colour of the little girl in the lower left. On my calibrated and profiled monitor her hair is black, as one would expect from an Asian, but in both my Epson 1270 and 5500 prints there is an ever-so-slight warm tint to the black. The S9000 got it right, right out of the box. Superb performance.


After printing on a range of Canon and Epson papers, from very glossy, through semi-gloss and matt, I can say that to the naked eye resolution and the lack of visible dithering is fully the equal of any Epson photo printer, including the Epson 1280 and 5500 working in 2880 PPI mode. As I noted when I tested the Epson 1280 last year, discussing the issue of whether 2880 PPI produced better resolution than 1440 PPI, "This is a case of theoretical and marketing specs Vs. the real world. To repeat, there is essentially no visible difference to the naked eye in resolution, clarity or dithering visibility between Epson 1270 and 1280 prints. There is a visible difference though when examining the prints under a 4X or higher magnification high-quality loupe".

This is the case with the Canon S9000 as well. To the naked eye, no matter how much you try, there are no visible dots or dithering patterns. Under a 4X Schneider loupe one can see dithering on the S9000 prints when printing on glossy papers. On matt papers any dithering patterns that may be visible under a loupe virtually disappear. Though the dithering patterns are different than those from the Epson, it is no better or worse. I have seen, on some images and with some papers, a small amount of micro-banding, again just under a loupe, and never with the naked eye.

Once more for clarity — unless you spend your life examining prints under a loupe, all of this is a non-issue. The S9000 produces brilliantly sharp and clear prints.

User Comments

It's worth mentioning that I have read a few reports on various forums around the Net written by users who have been early purchasers of the S9000. Some claim to have experienced problems with lack of sharpness, banding, faint or off-colours, and so forth. 

One always encounters such user comments when a new printer (or any techy product for that matter) comes out. Be cautious when reading such reports. It often turns out that the writer is inexperienced and has put the paper in front-to-back, has not set the printer's drivers properly, has computer memory problems or other such misadventures. It's very easy on the Net to take whatever's written, regardless who the author might be,  and treat it as gospel. Without knowing the credentials of the person writing a comment it's difficult to judge the validly of a claim. Don't jump to conclusions based on one person's online observations. In other words, beware of trolls and fools.


There are two Canon papers initially available in Letter and 13" X 19" sizes for the S9000. One is Canon Glossy Photo Paper, and the other is Canon Photo Paper Pro. Both have been around for a while. The glossy photo paper is your run-of-the-mill thin and smooth-finish paper. Their Photo Pro paper is very impressive, with a very high-gloss finish and a lot of heft. 

On the negative side, because of its high-gloss finish this paper easily shows scratches and scuff marks.

Canon provide no specs on whiteness or weight, but the impression that this paper gives is of being virtually identical to a traditional RC colour photo paper. People who want to make prints that look and feel almost exactly like traditional chemical prints will really like Photo Paper Pro.

Using Epson Paper

I'm a big fan of Epson photo papers. I've tried many third-party papers for use with my 1270 and 5500 printers and never found ones that I liked any better than Epson's Archival Matt or Premium Luster. In fact I have found over time that very few third-party papers have printed well at all on Epson printers, from the first Photo models in the mid-90's through to today.

I mention this because I'm not a big fan of glossy papers. As nice as Canon's Photo Paper Pro is, my preferred papers are either semi-gloss or matt. I was therefore eager to try the S9000 out with these papers. I'm pleased to report that the Canon printer and Epson papers look as if they were made for each other. No drying problems, no splotching, no bronzing. Just excellent, sharp, colourful prints on most every Epson paper that I tried.

The one unknown is the longevity of these combinations. Canon claims 25 years for their BCI inks and Photo Pro paper. This should not be extrapolated to other ink and paper combinations, since inks and papers have unique interactions. Since Wilhelm Research is no longer providing us with third party tests, and Canon is unlikely to tell us how their inks and Epson papers will fare together, we have no way of knowing what to expect. Caveat emptor

Ink Cartridges

Unlike the current-generation Epson photo printers, the S9000 uses six separate ink cartridges. This means that when one runs out it isn't necessary to replace 4 others at the same time unnecessarily.

The software pops-up a reminder when a cart is getting low, and changing them is very simple. When you want to change a cartridge just lift the lid. The cartridge / head transport mechanism automatically slides into the center of the platen. Flip a lever and the whole assembly pops up. Excellent design.

It's worth noting as well that unlike Epson's current cartridges these are not "chipped", and therefore can be refilled. I have no information though on availability of any third-party refills or cartridges. I also have no feel at this time for either ink usage rates or per-print costs.

  Dawn — White Sands


Unlike previous generation Canon printers, where the heads needed to be replaced periodically, the heads on the S9000 are permanent and are covered by the standard 1 year warranty. But, if the heads ever do need to be replaced this can be done by the user by simply flipping a lever. Again, thoughtful user-friendly design. (I have been told that a replacement head assembly will cost about U.S. $175).

Grayscale Printing

There is a provision for Grayscale printing. Piezography has nothing to worry about. B&W prints done this way are "OK", but as with all other colour printers achieving a neutral black is almost impossible. Out of the box the S9000 that I had produced monochrome prints with a light cyan tone. I didn't bother experimenting further.


My initial impression on reading the spec stating that this was a very fast printer, was — frankly, "so what". How much faster could it be? The answer is — a lot faster!

The test file that I used for my initial tests was sized at 6" X 9.4" at 360 PPI. Printing this on Letter size Canon Photo Paper Pro at the printer's highest resolution setting took 1 minute and 10 seconds. On the Epson 1270 with Premium Semi-Gloss paper, again at that printer's highest quality settings (1440 ppi), took 9 minutes and 45 seconds. That's more than 8 times faster for the Canon!

Since I didn't have a 2880 PPI Epson 1280 printer available for comparison I also used my Epson 5500, which is a 2880 PPI resolution printer. It took exactly the same amount of time; just under 10 minutes to print this "Letter" sized test file.


If you've been printing with an Epson printer for some time you'll be quite familiar with the bzzz, bzzz, bzzz sound that it makes when printing. (I sometimes think that this is the background soundtrack to my life). With the S9000 you're in for a surprise. Mechanical sounds are comparable — such as when loading and ejecting paper, but while printing the silence is remarkable. Instead of bzzz, bzzz, bzzz the sound that the S9000 makes is snick-whoosh, snick-whoosh, snick-whoosh — all at a much lower level than the sounds made by an Epson. 

In anything other than a silent room, and for example with some classical music playing quietly on the radio, you won't even hear the whoosh, even with the printer just a couple of feet away.

There is also a Silent mode that slows the printer down slightly. The snick remains but it eliminates the whoosh. Not really worthwhile in my opinion but a claimed -2 DB reduction.

(I realize that this sound evaluation is pretty unscientific, but trust me — the S9000 is the quietest printer I've ever heard).

Birds of  a Feather — Bosque del Apache


Though I didn't test one, the Canon S900 offers the same image quality, speed and quiet operation as the S9000, but in a Letter size (A4) printer, all for less money. If your printing needs don't include prints larger than 8.5" X 11" then the S900 is a great alternative.

Pros / Cons and Conclusions

There is a lot to like about this printer and I'm pleased that Canon has decided to enter the printer market which is aimed at serious photographers. While Epson has done a good job of advancing the state of the art, with a real competitor now breathing down their necks we as consumers will be the better for it. 

There aren't many things about the S9000 not to like. On the plus side of the ledger there are...

Print quality is excellent

Printing speed is amazingly fast 

The printer operates very quietly

It is compatible with a broad range of printing papers from other manufacturers, including those from Epson

Individually replaceable ink cartridges

User replaceable print head

On the negative side there are...

The printer is physically somewhat larger than an Epson 1280

While print life with Canon paper is rated at 25 years, similar to Epson 1280 prints, longevity when using non-Canon papers remains unknown at this time

The S9000 is not capable of printing on banner paper. Maximum print length is 483mm (19 inches)

No third-party ICC/ICM profiles available at this time

I've presented the variables that need to be considered, but only you can decide if the Canon S9000 is the right photo printer for you. If printing speed or operating quietness are important issues then this is a printer you should seriously consider. As for image quality, it is fully the equal of its prime competitor the Epson 1280/1290.

Though I kidded about the speed issue at the beginning of this review, I regard this attribute of the S9000 as a killer solution for certain photographers who do high-volume production printing, such as those doing school and sports pictures. An 8X speed advantage with no loss of image quality is a series advantage. The rest of us won't mind the reduced waiting times either.

Just as this review was being completed in mid-March 2002, Epson appears to be ready to launch their next-generation wide-carriage printer, dubbed the PM-4000PX in Japan, but sure to be named differently in Europe and North America. This printer features 7 inks (up from 6), 2 picoliter print heads (down from 4), faster printing speeds than previous Epsons, and some form of pigment-based inks, possibly based on those of the Epson C80. This wide carriage model appears to be diverging from Epson's A4 printer line, exemplified by the 7 cartridge dye-based ink Epson 950, which was just introduced in Europe.

Update: July, 2002
This new archival ink wide carriage Epson printer,
the 2200/2100 is now shipping.

It is anyone's guess as to which way the pendulum will swing next, or when. But, now that there is more than one serious player in the wide-carriage photo inkjet market we will all benefit from the competition. Of course you should return to The Luminous Landscape often to stay on top of developments in photographic printing technology. Place What's New on your Favorites list and return frequently so as to stay up-to-date on the rapid developments in their field.


Other Online Reviews of the S9000 include...
Steve's Digicams

Digital Photography Now

Test File

Readers have enquired about the 46MB standard test file used for these reviews. It is from Photodisk and until recently  was publicly available from their FTP site, but It now appears that a password is necessary for access. Here is a link to where you can download a 10MB JPG version.

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Concepts: Inkjet printer, Printing, Printer, Typewriter, Computer printers, Ink cartridge, ESC/P, Photo printer

Entities: Canon, HP, Lexmark, Europe, North America, U.S., printer driver, software installation, Windows 98, OS X., XP, Michael Reichmann, Epson, Schneider, Photoshop, Mac

Tags: Epson, S9000, prints, naked eye, photo printer, dithering, loupe, profile, Canon S9000 printer, market leaders, photographic printer, Windows 98, visible difference, Epson photo printer, new century epson, Epson prints, mid-1990s epson, printer dialog box, Printer Color Management, reference epson, consumer-grade photographic printers, magnification high-quality loupe, photo-quality inkjet printing, pigment ink model, Epson papers, naked eye resolution, picoliter droplet size, high-quality photo printers, ever-so-slight warm tint, slight warm tone, user-replaceable print head, pre-release printer, current market leaders, parallel port connection, Windows 98 machine, skin tone types, industry-standard test file, images, clear prints, subsequent prints