A Digital Point & Shoot As Lightmeter
By: Nick Rains
The Canon S30 as Pocket Histogram —
For Large Format Photographers
I had been looking for a compact camera for a while and wanted to get a
digital one for all the usual reasons — cheap to run, instant results and so
on. I settled on the 3 megapixel Canon S30 as it seemed to be the best in
its class, and the review at dpreview.com
was very favourable.
When I took the box home (and unpacked the vast array of cables) I was delighted to find a very solid, well made little camera. It has good heft, a nice brushed aluminum look, and is very compact indeed. The whole package is a delight to use. Well done Canon.
Image quality was a big surprise for a compact 3mp camera. The RAW files that the S30 produces, when carefully sharpened and up-rezzed, are capable of being printed on a good inkjet at over A4 easily, and A3 with a tiny bit of that "digital" look in the very fine details. Colour is very crisp and the files are very clean after a quick tweak in Levels.
I have no way of directly comparing this camera to a Canon D30, but having borrowed one once and kept the resulting files, I can say that while not of the same quality level S30 files are better than you might imagine — at one quarter the price.
OK, so it's a good compact — what does this have to do with serious landscape photography? Well, I'm glad you asked.
12 Apostles at Dawn, Victoria
Ebony, 100mm Schneider lens, Fuji 100F, 1/4 Sec @F22
A Histogram in Your Pocket
Built into the display function of some of the better digital
compacts is a histogram display, just like the one in Photoshop or a
larger digital SLRs. I wondered if that could be used to measure the brightness
range of a scene and to pick the best exposure for when shooting with a large
After much testing — not very scientific but the results seem clear— I found that the camera can record a range of 7-8 stops with about 1% grayscale (K) density at plus 2.5 stops and about 98% grayscale (K) density at about minus 5 stops. That's pretty much the same as off a Fuji Provia 100F transparency scanned with a good scanner. It's possible that the S30 can record a little more highlight detail than 100F, and the dark limit seems to be the same as from scanned film.
The S30's light meter also agrees, to within 1/3 stop, with my Canon EOS3 or A2 which I already use for light metering when I use my Ebony 4x5 camera.
Consequently, you can use the S30 a bit like a digital Polaroid camera, not only to visualize the scene but also to measure the best exposure. I meter the scene with the S30 and shoot a frame at the recommended exposure. A quick look at the resulting Levels display will tell me if there are parts of the scene that are too bright, or it might show that I have a good range of tones recorded at that exposure. It may be that there are no tones above the quarter tones in which case I can open up a bit and effectively slide the displayed tonal range up the scale to use the full highlight range and open up the shadows a bit.
This screenshot off the camera shows a scene with a good range of tones that will record well on film. The full exposure details are shown to remind you what to set on the "'real camera".
Snow Gum, Victorian High Country
Ebony, 6x12, 100mm Schneider lens, Fuji
100F, 1/2 Sec @F16
This technique works fine with the S30 — your mileage may vary with other compacts. It's important that the sensitivity range of the camera is close to that of your film, that the meter agrees with other familiar light metering methods and that the camera itself has a levels display.
One last thing, the S30 has a voice annotation feature so you can shoot a frame, make verbal notes and then have both visual and audio references (including exposure details) when you get the film back from the lab.
So, whilst I normally lug around my EOS3 with a 28-70L zoom to act as a light meter when shooting 6x12s on my Ebony, I may soon be using this new bit of technology to save weight and also give me more information about my exposures.
Copyright 2002 — Nick Rains
Fine Art Landscape Photography Gallery
"Enjoy the wonder of Australia's fabulous scenery"